Interview: Water and energy challenges mount in China

Dr. Jintao Xu, Professor of Natural Resource Economics, National School of Development, Peking University and GAIN Council of Scientific Advisors member, talks about the key adaptation challenges facing China and how the GAIN Index highlights his country’s progress building greater resiliency.

What are the greatest adaptation challenges for China?

I see two equally important areas that pose adaptation challenges for China. First, China has always been a water scarce country with a couple-thousand years’ history of battling water problems — sometimes flooding, sometimes drought. 

Another area is energy. China is an energy scarce country too. All of our existing energy storage is very limited and increasingly relies on international markets. This poses an energy security issue to China.