By: Tim Hill, GAIN
The Global Adaptation Institute (GAIN) is featuring a five-part series on GAIN.org dissecting the United Nation’s Private Sector Initiative, as well as zooming-in on private sector best practices in adaptation. Read other articles to learn more about water, food & agriculture, coastal protection and energy companies who have found business opportunities in building global resilience, HERE.
India grows approximately 130 million tons of rice across approximately 108 million acres annually.
PepsiCo, India’s largest food and beverage company, understands the importance of agriculture and safeguarding crops. Several challenges can effect a farmer’s yield as well as the demand for that crop including climate change, urbanization, population shifts, natural resource supply levels and more. Shifting weather and rain patterns can also put a strain on crops, which leads directly to the supply chains of companies working and living in the area.
Dr. Kathy Freas, Vice President, Global Water Business Group at CH2M Hill, has grappled with the issues of a changing climate throughout her career. After decades of failure by leaders around the world to address the consequences of a changing planet, she welcomes the actions made by businesses and organizations such as GAIN to strengthen the resilience of local communities.
I am very encouraged by the convergence in the perspectives beginning to take shape around adaptation. Going forward, I think three things are important to keep in mind:
Dr. Jintao Xu, Professor of Natural Resource Economics, National School of Development, Peking University and GAIN Council of Scientific Advisors member, talks about the key adaptation challenges facing China and how the GAIN Index highlights his country’s progress building greater resiliency.
What are the greatest adaptation challenges for China?
I see two equally important areas that pose adaptation challenges for China. First, China has always been a water scarce country with a couple-thousand years’ history of battling water problems — sometimes flooding, sometimes drought.
Another area is energy. China is an energy scarce country too. All of our existing energy storage is very limited and increasingly relies on international markets. This poses an energy security issue to China.
With the recent news from a U.S. Intelligence report released Thursday of global water stress likely generating unrest in many countries, GAIN welcomes you to look at the complete information available in the Global Adaptation Index (GAIN Index) at index.gain.org. Through assessing a compilation of reliable sources of data for the past 15 years, GAIN provides a look at countries’ vulnerabilities in sectors such as water and readiness to invest in adaptation. There are 161 countries ranked according to their levels of vulnerability and readiness to adapt to the effects of population growth, urbanization and climate change.
On March 20, the private sector and representatives from state water agencies joined together to address their respective adaptation approaches to the impacts of climate change and population growth on the U.S. water and wastewater infrastructure. The briefing, Water Utility Resiliency and Sustainability: How Water Utilities are Managing the Country’s Vital Water Resources in the Wake of Changing Hydrologic Conditions, took place in the Congressional Cannon House Office Building in Washington, D.C.